2019 - 2020 Modern Volume 11

Underdog to African Success Story: Sir Seretse Khama and the birth of modern Botswana

By Kerry Lindeque In 1966, when Botswana asked to be granted independence by the British government they were labelled as “either brave or very foolish”. The British protectorate, known at the time as Bechuanaland, had 12km of paved road, a literacy rate of 25% and was one of the twenty poorest countries in the world. …

2019 - 2020 Modern Volume 11

Legacies of 1989; Can a Peaceful Revolution ever be Truly ‘Revolutionary’?

By Alex Cockhill ‘Revolutions’ are events that never fail to evoke images of uncertainty, upheaval and most of all violence. The legacy of the French Revolution on the popular memory has always been defined by the horror and scale of this revolutionary violence. This imagery has only been compounded by the other ‘great’ revolution, the …

2019 - 2020 Modern Volume 11

‘Just let me hear some of that rock and roll music’: How Radio Caroline Transformed British Radio from 1964-67.

By Sam Gilder The ‘swinging sixties’ was characterised by rising living standards, increased sexual freedoms and the emphatic influence of the youth on British culture. Rock and roll had erupted in Britain, with bands such as The Beatles, The Kinks and The Rolling Stones characterizing the new shift in pop music. London was at the …

2019 - 2020 Modern Volume 11

Women Abroad: Female Travellers in Italy in the late Eighteenth-Century

By Jess Allen The flexibility of the ‘separate spheres’ ideology has been thoroughly demonstrated by historians due to evidence signifying women’s inherent role in public life. Whilst there was still a domesticated role seldom expected of women in the late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century, particularly after the French Revolution, women in public life further increases. …

2019 - 2020 Modern Volume 10

‘We want to grow up before we blow up’: Motherhood and Women Strike for Peace in the New York Times

By Alex Boulton On 15 January 1962, nearly 2000 American women and their children picketed the White House in the pouring rain, posting soggy letters to incumbent President John F. Kennedy while juggling umbrellas, placards and strollers. With signs that read ‘Never Say Die’ and ‘When it rains, it pours- Strontium 90’, the women were …